Naming Conventions in CakePHP
First, you should definitly read cakephp-conventions.html. This should clarify the basics.
Bottom line: Controllers are plural, their tables plural as well, the entity is singular.
Class names and URLsIt is recommended to use the "DashedRoute" (which is tbe default since 3.1 anyway).
With a basic example, we take a closer look at the naming scheme in URLs:
This URL includes already all basic elements: A controller "ExamplePages" in the "ExamplePlugin" with an action "actionName"
as well as a passed param "passed-param" and query string "my-limit" with a value of "1".
If the controller had a model, its table class would be "ExamplePages" and the entity class "ExamplePage". The table would be "example_pages".
If you also use prefix routing (usually with the prefix "Admin") as well, this could be the URL to the the same controller in that plugin:
What you need to understand is, that the class names as well as the prefixes and namespaces like plugins are CamelCase, but the URL representation is always lowercase-dashed due to the "DashedRoute" class. Actions are camelBacked and also will get lowercase-dashed inside URLs.